Asociación Pro Dunas Marbella

Marbella (Málaga)   e-mail: asociacion@produnas.org /produnas@telefonica.net

 

 

 

 

Ecosystems. Flora

 

June 2016

PSEUDORLAYA PUMILA (Sea Orlaya)

PSEUDORLAYA PUMILA (Sea Orlaya or Dune Carrot)

 

This small umbelliferous or apiaceous plant (it carries its flowers in an umbrella-shaped cluster) is being closely studied by 2 eminent botanists of the Universities of Alicante (Spain) and Michigan (USA) along our Dunes ecosystems (13km), from the Natural Monument "Dunes of Artola" to the Marbella Dunes Ecological Reserve.

It can be found in sand soils and dune areas.

The whole plant is covered with stiff little hairs. The flowers can be either red or white and the seeds are covered with prickles. It blooms in spring and early summer.

This interesting plant belongs to the apiaceous/umbelliferous family and is a member of carrot sub-group.

PSEUDORLAYA PUMILA (Sea Orlaya)

April 2016

(Arctotheca calendula)

PROLIFERATION of the AFRICAN DAISY (Arctotheca calendula) in the NATURAL MONUMENT "DUNAS DE ARTOLA", Cabopino

 

The construction of the pedestrian boardwalks in this dune area has resulted in damage to the sandy soil and has favoured the explosive propagation of the plant listed by the Ministry of Environment as invasive. There is a risk of altering this until now intact area.

In principle the plants are spread by seeds, which can cause a large quantity of regrowth from rhizomes or tubers. Dispersion is mainly anemochorous (by the wind) and also zoochorus (by animals). The seeds have a latency period so they can germinate with autumn rains. As the African Daisy is aggressive and can crowd out the native species such as:
Sea Daffodil (Pancratium maritimum), Sea Holly (Eryngium maritimum), Birds' Foot Trefoil (Lotus creticus), Maritime Stock (Malcolmia littorea) etc. Prompt action is advisable to prevent its uncontroled development.

The Ministry for the Environment has entrusted Pro Dunas to organise Eradication Days to contain its possible spread throughout the entire Natural Monument area.

Pro Dunes calls for Citizen participation, so that working together we can eliminate this harmful species. To set Eradication Days that suit you, please call us on: 609 600 706 or contact us by email:
asociacion@produnas.org



Click to enlarge the photo

(Arctotheca calendula)

(Arctotheca calendula)

(Arctotheca calendula)

March 2015

(Pennisetum setaceum)

CAMPAIGN TO CONTROL AND ERADICATE THE INVASIVE EXOTIC SPECIES: PURPLE FOUNTAIN GRASS

 

The Ministry of the Environment is counting on our urgent help to maintain strict control over the mistaken introduction of this invasive perennial plant to the environment. It is very harmful because of its rapid proliferation.

 

For many years our Association has been controlling the spread of this species in the dune areas in the Municipality of Marbella. We can certify that it grows in only one area as a result of private introduction into the "La Adelfa" dune in Bahia de Marbella.

 

Pennisetum setaceum is an ornamental plant and because of its beauty is often planted in private gardens. Unfortunately it is easily spread by the wind. It is all over the roadside of the N-340 motorway and there is a lot of it in Marbella’s public parks.

(Pennisetum setaceum)

October2012

 

 

 

 

PISTACIA LENTISCUS / Mastic

 

2006: Reforestation of several Mastic plants in the dunes area of “La Adelfa” in Bahía de Marbella.

2012-Autumn: For the first time, young shrubs are bearing their fruits, with a bright red glow.

 

May 2012

  2012 – A TESTIMONY OF TIME

10 different species of native seedlings were introduced into the sand dunes areas of  “La Víbora” – Elviria and “Palm Beach” – Reserva de los Monteros. Our Association is actively monitoring their growth and we are confident that in a few years a new native flora and fauna ecosystem will have emerged in these areas.

 

February 2012

SEA DAFFODIL - Pancratium maritimum

 

It can be found in all the sand dune areas of the municipality of Marbella. Flowering is from August to October. The leaves are green before flowering, and wither with the flower. The sea daffodil dies when cut off, so it does not survive in a vase.

The seed is abundant. Its colour is black, and it is very much like charcoal, both to the touch as in appearance. Propagation by seeds is easy in windy weather, which favours its development in coastal sands.

 

July 2011

3rd AWARENESS CAMPAIGN ABOUT THE ERADICATION OF THE INVASIVE ALIEN FLORA “CARPOBROTUS EDULIS”

 

We thank the Secondary Schools and their students for taking part in this awareness-raising work to help preserving the native flora of the Municipality of Marbella.

 

June 2011

MIRTO  (MYRTUS COMMUNIS)

 

Young plants were introduced into the sand dunes “La Adelfa” Bahía de Marbella, Marbella in the year 2005 and flourished for the first time in June of 2011. They thrive in sand dunes and the undergrowth of pine and oak woods.

 

It is considered a “Symbol of Love and Beauty”, and its leaves, flowers and fruit are used in perfumery for their wonderful fragrance

 

  May2010

 

Actions for the conservation of the dunes area “La Adelfa” – Bahía de Marbella

 

Due to unauthorized prune by third persons, technicians of the Provincial Department for the Environment have carried out conservations actions and  cleaning work in this beautiful specimen of Wild Olive tree. This olive shrub represents a high value for the natural heritage of the residents and Marbella

February 2010

BRIDAL VEIL BROOM (Retama Monosperma  Family: Fabaceae)

 

This shrub blossoms for the first time!
 since it was planted in the dunes of Bahia de Marbella in the year 2006.

Its white butterfly shaped flowers give off a delicate fragrance and represent a delicious lure for the small wild birds

October 2009

“EL BARRONAL DE LA MORENA” Dunes and ecosystems in danger

 

El Rosario-Chapas – Marbella

Please help us to save the dunes and protect its original ecosystems against an environmental impact, should the constructions of 150 housing and urban development go ahead!

 

AFTER                                                                        BEFORE

 

 

June 2009

30th OF MAY 2009

 TRAINING DAY – ANDALUSIAN PROGRAMME FOR THE CONTROL OF EXOTIC INVASIVE SPECIES

and

ERADICATION OF EXOTIC INVASIVE PLANTS

 

Within the framework of the management of the eradication of Exotic Invasive Plants, several meetings are programmed for volunteers and the collaborators of the Andalusian Coast Environment Volunteers Network. These practical workshops are held along the municipality of Eastern Marbella. In April and May the following volunteers have been working: Pupils of several high schools of Marbella, Volunteers from our Association, Technicians from the office for the Environment of the Town Hall of Marbella, Technicians from the Regional Ministry for the Environment, and Environmental Inspectors from the Regional Government (Junta de Andalucia)

 

With the Training Day in Torremolinos – 30th of May -, organized by the Technical office of the “Aula del Mar” in Málaga, and the practice workshop for the eradication of “Carpobrotus edulis” (Highway Ice plant) at the foot of the dunes area of  “Real de Zaragoza-Tiempo libre”, the official spring eradication season has come to an end, with a total collection of:

 

54 large sacks, with amounts to approximately 810 kg

 

The Town Hall of Marbella – Beaches section- was in charge of the transportation and destruction of the collected invasive plants.

 

We thank the entire “Volunteers” that took part and are involved in raising the awareness on the dunes areas

along the andalusian beaches and its indigenous flora.

 

From October, the Eradication of Exotic Invasive Species (EIS) workshops will be on again, along 17 km, all the way to

 the Natural Monument of Artola-Cabopino

All Volunteers are most Welcome!

 

Instituto Miraflores Instituto Sierra Blanca Instituto Guadalpín 30.5.09.
 

May2009

A NEW INDIGENOUS PLANT IS BORN . . . Cachrys sicula

IN THE DUNES OF BAHÍA DE MARBELLA

This plant is indigenous of the andalusian coast and should be protected and

Preserved by everyone

APRIL 2009

  ERADICATION OF INVASIVE EXOTIC PLANTS AND RESTORATION OF THE COASTAL HABITAT

 

2009 – EVERY TUESDAY morning

 

From April on, Volunteer groups from the Association as also from the Regional Ministry for the Environment of the Junta de Andalucía and the Town hall of Marbella, have started works of Eradication and Restoration of the coastal habitats in areas with dunes along the Municipality of Marbella, from the beach El Cable (Pinillo) until 17km further on to Cabopino “Monumento Natural de Artola”.

 

All “Friends of the dunes” are invited to join our base team

Everybody who feels the aim to protect and preserve the nature habitats is well received, even if only sporadically, and for two hours at a time, whenever possible.

 

Contacts may be made to our e-mail: asociacion@produnas.org

 

NOVEMBER 2008

AUTHORITY and PRESERVATION OF THE DUNES AREA “BAHIA DE MARBELLA”, Marbella

 

ERADICATION of INVASIVE PLANTS: WILLOW ACACIA and PAMPAS GRASS

 

The proliferation of invasive plants, or alloctonous plants is causing irreversible damage to the existing native species in the dunes area of Bahia de Marbella. The extraordinary capacity to adapt of these invasive plants has turned them into a real threat, causing the extinction or preventing the development of the existing native species. This property of invasiveness is determined by their capacity to propagate uncontrollably.

 

The definition of an exotic invasive species is a species removed from its native habitat and is capable of adapting, living, competing and propagating in another habitat, and causing a negative effect on the native flora.

 

The resulting loss of bio-diversity with a subsequent alteration with the silent invasion of the affected eco-systems, implies for our Association a duty to protect, follow the directives of the Office for the Environment, and prepare an eradication schedule of the invasive species, in this case:

 

Willow Acacia (Mimosacea)

Pampas Grass (Cortadeira Selloana)

 

The Pampas grass is capable of amazing development and can reach 3,5 m diameter and 4m height. The seeds are spread by the wind up to 30 km away. Therefore, its invasive property is dominant and its presence in dunes areas is a potential threat to preservation of the native habitat.

 

By removing these two species from the dunes, we can guarantee the growth of the native wild vegetation

 

21st AUGUST 2008

 Day of Cleaning up AND ERADICATION OF THE INVASIVE PLANT Highway Ice Plant (Carpobrotus edulis),

in the dunes of Bahia de Marbella, Marbella

Once more summer, the Members of the Association have worked very hard filling up over 40 large bags with this invasive plant. The total weight of the weeded plants is estimated at 1,000 kg

MARCH 2008 

Las Arenas - Bahía de Marbella

We thank for any cooperation, taking care of all the wild flowers as also the planted seedlings.

 

                La Reserva de los Monteros

 

FEBRUARY 2008

 

The sea is moving in steadily - Loss of dunes areas!

The photographs speak for themselves!